Spanish is a Romance language with approximately 417 million speakers, 322 to 358 of whom speak it as a first language, while the remainder speak it as a second language. A significant number of people also speak Spanish as a foreign language. Spanish is spoken in Spain and is the official language of 20 other countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Spanish is also widely spoken in countries such as Andorra, Belize, the Philippines, and the United States.

Spanish first started to appear in writing in the form of notes and glosses in Latin religious texts, the Glosas Emilianenses, dating from the 11th century. During the 12th century, law codes (Fueros) were being translated into Spanish. Spanish prose flowered during the reign of King Alfonso X of Castile (1252-84), who in addition to being the king and a poet, also found time to write an encyclopedia in Spanish called Las Partidas, which contains laws, chronicles, recipes, and rules for hunting, chess, and card games. The first Spanish grammar, by Antonio de Nebrija, and the first dictionaries were published during the 15th and 16th centuries.

In Spain this language is generally called español (Spanish) when contrasting it with languages of other countries, such as French and English, but it is called castellano (Castilian, the language of the Castile region) when contrasting it with other languages spoken in Spain, such as Galician, Basque, and Catalan.

Beginning in the 1400s, Spanish explorers, conquistadors, and colonizers carried their language to Central America, South America, and parts of North America. The Spanish spoken in the Americas differs somewhat from European Spanish today because many words were borrowed from the languages of the indigenous peoples. Most of these words reflect features unique to the new territories, such as proper names, plants and animals, and geographic features. In 1565 Spanish conquerors and explorers established the settlement of Saint Augustine in what is now Florida. It was the first permanent European settlement in what is now the United States. In the 1600s and 1700s Spanish explorations and settlements extended the Spanish language north from Mexico into present-day Arizona, California, Southern Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. When the United States annexed these areas following the Mexican War (1846-1848), many of the region’s Spanish-speaking inhabitants remained, creating a distinct linguistic and cultural population in the Southwestern United States.

Adapted from: http://www.omniglot.com/writing/spanish.htm and http://www.alsintl.com/resources/languages/Spanish/

World Languages Taught at LaSalle II

World Language News

Learning Arabic Calligraphy

Students in grades 5, 6, and 7th have been working with our Artist in residency in creating a very artistic Arabic pieces using the Arabic calligraphy. Each student had about 7 sessions of practice in order for them to reach this great level of art. Our Arabic students practiced Khat al- Nasakh style as it […]

French Exchange Trip

Nine students in 7th and 8th grade just returned this week from a 2 week trip to France! Students stayed for 9 nights with their host families in the town of Angers, about 2 hours outside of Paris. Students explored the town in depth, visiting museums and castles for which this region of France is […]

4th Grade Mi Ciudad Projects

Students in 4th grade showcased their understanding of 2nd quarter’s theme: En la Ciudad by designing and building a 2D or 3D model based on their own city, our city of study (Buenos Aires) or a fictional city. The students used their city models to discuss with their classmates the various activities to do, places […]

Bring Culture Into Classrooms

While ushering in the Lunar New Year, LaSalle II Chinese language students began their annual Chinese dance training with Lingling Pao, the artist-in-residence. Upon hearing the news that the Chinese dance training would soon begin, every student, whether boy or girl, in a lower or upper grade, eagerly wanted to find out which day would […]

1st Grade French Project

First graders helped with a fun project in French class recently and made flags for the French speaking countries of the world. We used their wonderful props and took some photos for our class yearbook page.